Mental disorders aren’t only common in adults. They can affect children and adolescents, too. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, about 1 in 6 kids between 3 and 17 have a mental disorder.
There are several common mental disorders among American children. These include Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
ADHD is a mental disorder characterized by problems with focus, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. It is one of the most common mental disorders among children and can often lead to school and social situation difficulties.
OCD is a mental disorder characterized by obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors. While it is not as common as ADHD or ASD, it can still be a very debilitating condition for those who suffer from it.
ASD is a mental disorder characterized by difficulties in social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors. It is another one of the most common mental disorders among children and can often lead to challenges in daily life. However, among the three, ASD is one of the most challenging mental disorders to handle among children.
Learning and ASD
For children with ASD, learning can be a challenge. They might have difficulty understanding and following instructions. They might also have trouble interacting with other children and adults. As a result, they might need extra help to help them learn and develop. Certain child care services can do this for you. Those that specialize in handling ASD know how to handle them, and ultimately, they can help teach them specific cues that can help them function normally in society.
However, if you have a child with ASD, there are several things that you can do to help them learn faster, alongside the specialized care they are getting.
Utilize Visual Aids
Visual aids are a great way to help a child with ASD learn. It can help provide a structure for learning. They can also help the child understand what is being taught and provide a way for them to process information.
There are many different types of visual aids that you can use. These include flashcards, charts, and diagrams. You can also use apps and websites that offer visual aids. Whichever type of visual aid you choose, make sure that it is age-appropriate and that it will be able to help the child learn.
Another way to help a child with ASD learn is by providing structure. This means having a set time and place for learning. It also means having a set routine that the child can follow. It will help the child feel more comfortable and make learning easier.
You can provide structure by creating a learning schedule. For example, you can schedule times for breakfast, school, homework, and playtime. You can also create a daily routine that includes tasks such as brushing teeth, getting dressed, and eating lunch. Having this structure in place will help the child feel more secure and make it easier for them to learn.
Repetition is a vital part of learning. It helps the child retain information and makes it easier to understand. For children with ASD, repetition can be beneficial.
You can use repetition in many different ways. You can have the child read the same book over and over again. Guiding them in writing their name or counting to 10 is also a good option. You can even have them listen to the same song on repeat. The important thing is that you are consistent with it. The more they hear or see something, the more likely they will remember it.
Break Down Information
Another way to help a child with ASD learn is breaking down information. This means taking big concepts and breaking them down into smaller, more manageable pieces. This will make it easier for the child to understand and learn.
You can break down information by using visuals. You can also use props or real-life examples. For instance, if you teach the child about animals, you can show them pictures of different animals. You can also bring in stuffed animals or visit a zoo. If you are teaching them about numbers, you can use blocks or count objects around the house. Breaking down information will make learning more manageable for the child and help them understand better.
Finally, it is essential to be patient when helping a child with ASD learn. They might not know as quickly as other children. They might also need more time to process information. As a result, it is essential to be patient and give them the time they need.
You can help the child by breaking down information into small pieces. You can also provide structure and use repetition. However, it is still essential to be patient. The child might not be able to learn everything at once, but with time and patience, they will eventually get there.